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Entries in Manning (3)

Sunday
Nov222009

Manning, Henry (1791 - 1859). WILL TO LEAVE?

Henry Manning (1791 -  1859)

 

Unless they commit some crime it is rare that the ordinary families of Ringstead appear in the official documents of the time except as brief entries of their birth, marriage and death and, after 1841, the ten yearly censuses. Henry, however, and his family became part of a case to settle a point of law on the “Duty and Office of Magistrates”. His misfortune casts a little light into these lost lives

Henry Manning was born in about 1791. I have not found any record of his birth but he was twenty-three years old when he married Rebecca Stevens on 3rd November 1814. His parents were Thomas Manning and Elizabeth Bugby and his grandfather was another Thomas Manning.

Unusually, Thomas Senior had a little property and on the 6th January 1800 he made a will. In this he left “five acres of land, more or less, of copyhold meadow ground with their and every of their appurtenances lying and being dispersed in the open and common fields and meadows of Ringstead". He also gave 25 shillings to his daughter Mary, the wife of Thomas Plant. He bequeathed to Elizabeth the widow of his late son, Thomas, “all that part of a messuage or tenement with the appurtenances, which is now in the occupation of Henry Lawford situate in Ringstead aforesaid and adjoining the tenement in the occupation of Joseph Manning."

Finally, he left to the four children of Thomas and Elizabeth, namely Henry, John, Thomas and Rebecca, on the marriage or death of their mother this house as well as the house next door in which Joseph Manning lived together with the “close or orchard lying about the said homestead on the north side of a back lane and now in the several tenures of Thomas Senior, Samuel Hackett and Mary Whitney."

Henry must have moved to Wellingborough and become a pauper for, in about 1828, the magistrates there sent him back to Ringstead because they said that he had an 'interest in property' there. It was decided by the court that, because his mother had not died or remarried at the time, he had no interest in property in Ringstead and therefore this action was illegal.

Unusually for the family historian a family tree for a working family is partially laid out. It also shows how the Poor Law operated with parishes eager to unload the cost of any pauper if at all possible. They were on the lookout for the “illegal immigrant”.

Henry himself, now 50 years old, is recorded in "Harriotts Lane", [now Harriotts] Wellingborough with his wife Rebecca and daughters Maria and Elizabeth. Also living with them is Hannah aged 50 who is probably the wife of his brother John He is recorded as a shoemaker.

Here we get one of those surprising leaps when a family break through the parochial bounds and suddenly appear away from friends and family. In this case it was not unusual in the middle of the nineteenth century for people from the villages, pauperised by the depressions in agriculture to be drawn into the “Great Wen”. Areas like Bethnal Green became terrible overcrowded stinking slums with neither clean water nor sewerage. Ways of living, which had been sustainable in a rural setting, when continued in the cities led to terrible living conditions and often to disease and early death.

Henry and Rebecca seemed to have fared a little better than many because in 1851 we find them at No 28 Lower Belgravia Street in the Parish of St George, Hanover Square in the City of Westminster. I have not found the re-marriage or death of his mother, Elizabeth, but it is likely that this had occurred and Henry had his legacy. He is now 59 years old and Rebecca is 50. He is a bootmaker and Rebecca is a dressmaker. Elizabeth, now 21 is a ladies’ maid and Mary Ann is a dressmaker like her mother. Next door lives Samuel Candy, a Master Mason employing 40 men and, two doors away at No 30, James Burrows, a coal merchant. Number 28 had four families living in it. There was a house painter and his wife from Gosport, a master tailor from Gloucester with his wife and four children, and a woman from Canterbury and her grandson who was "supported by friends".

There is some confusion here because in 1851 Lydia is shown not living with her parents but nearby as a visitor with Elizabeth Collins. In 1861 the two are again living together but this time Lydia is shown the sister of Elizabeth. Elizabeth is the correct age to have been Elizabeth Manning so who is the Elizabeth Manning living with her parents in 1851. It appears that Maria, who is about the same age, has changed her name to Elizabeth once the first Elizabeth has married. There may be another explanation but at the moment none is obvious.

from Map of London (1827) by Christopher and John Greenwood

By kind permission of Motco Enterprises Ltd.

Lower Belgrave Place was not one of the "best" streets of this prosperous area being more Pimlico than Belgravia but it was pleasanter than most in the capital and seems to have had an artistic community. Allan Cunningham, the Scottish born writer lived at number 27 until his death in 1842. The  sculptor, John Evan Thomas, who produced statues of the great and the good, especially from his native Wales, established a studio at number 7 from about 1834 until 1862. His most famous sculpture is "The Death of Tewdic" and a bronze electrotype of it was exhibited by Elkington, Mason and Co. in the Great Exhibition of 1851.

It would be surprising if Henry and his family did not attend this grand display of Victorian confidence in industry and Empire. Hyde Park, where the Great Exhibiton Hall, the Crystal Palace, was erected, was just a stone's  throw away and, it seems the whole of England, regardless of class, clamoured to see it. One of its opponents in the House of Commons, railed against it being allowed to stay in Hyde Park after the Exhibition had finished in these words:

Unfortunately, however, for the people of this country, the erection of the Crystal Place took place; and what had been the result? The desecration of the Sabbath - the demoralisation of the people - a disunion of parties - and increasing poverty to a most serious extent; for he had heard and with pain, that the poor of this country had been seduced to come up to this Exhibition. All that they had saved and all they could borrow had been in many cases spent in this foolish journey; and he knew he spoke facts when he stated that not only had they borrowed money but pawned their clothes to enable them to come up to this "World's Fair," as it was called; and now they were left without a penny in their pockets.

Colonel Sibthorpe 29 July 1851

Others were pleasantly surprised that the working class had behaved well and there had not been the terrible outbreak of violence and immorality that had been predicted. The more recent criticism of the Millenium Dome seems very mild by comparison.

A new world of invention and manufacture was being celebrated but one that neither Henry or Rebecca lived long to see. Rebecca died on 26th October 1857 in Pimlico followed some eighteen months later on 14 June 1859, aged 68 by Henry.

 

References

 1841, 1851 1861Censuses

 BMD (Ancestry.co.uk)

 Ringstead BMD (Northampton Record Office)

 Reports of Cases Relating to the Duty and Office of Magistrates (Michaelmas Term 1827 – Easter term 1830) (published by Sweet 1832). On Googlebooks website

 www.oldbaileyonline.org/maps

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1851/jul/29/exhibition-of-1851

http://www.museumwales.ac.uk/en/rhagor/article/2029/?display_mode=text

www.motco.com (1827 Map of London)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sunday
Nov222009

Manning, Sarah (1809 - 1875). BOSTON WORKHOUSE

Sarah Manning (1809 - 1875)

 

When searching through the records for Ringstead you quickly discover that two factors try to thwart your progress up, or down your family tree. The families naturally link and interweave and the parents were rarely imaginative in their choice of names for their children. The boys are often John or Thomas or George or Henry and the girls are Rebecca or Sarah or Elizabeth or Hannah or Mary. The men then set about marrying women with the same names as their mothers or sisters or cousins. Suddenly the village is littered with Rebecca Mannings or John Balls. Some of the women will decide to use their middle name to help the family and enable them to keep some individuality but for us searching through those pre 1841 Census days an entry in the Parish Register is as likely to perplex as enlighten.

Sarah Manning was baptised on January 9th 1814 in a job lot with her older brothers Isaac and Jacob. Luckily the parish register records that she was born on 4th April 1809 and is the daughter of James and Mary. Her eldest brother, James, was baptised on 7 March 1784 and is recorded as “James Manning Bosworth the Bastard son Of James Manning and Mary Bosworth. Relieved by the Parish”.  James and Mary married some two years later on 8 May 1786 but, surprisingly it appears that the next child, Rebecca was not born until November1791 as it records at her baptism on 24 October 1813. It may be that some children have come and gone unrecorded, or that James was away, or was it possible that they were in a local workhouse and segregated. Of their first child, James, I can find no further trace.

In all James and Mary had ten children and Sarah was the eighth. I say eighth although it seems quite possible that her sister Rebecca born in 1791 is the same person as Rose who appears in the 1851 Census as being born in about 1791 and whose birth or baptism cannot be found. If this is true then Sarah was the seventh child.

She next appears in the records when she marries Edward Chambers on 20 October 1832 at Ringstead. It is in the Parish Register and it states that “Both are Of This Parish” (BOTP). There ar no baptisms recorded for the couple and we never see Edward Chambers again. By 1841 Sarah is living with her older sister Rebecca and her brother Isaac. Also living with Rebecca is another Rebecca who appears from the 1851 Census to be Sarah’s sister’s illegitimate child. The two younger women are shown as lacemakers but Rebecca is a “pauper”.

We meet Sarah again in 1845 but now using her maiden name of Manning. The birth certificate of Charles Andrews, born on the 8th August 1845, records Sarah Manning as the mother and a William Andrews, a mariner as the father. William, in the 1841 Census was recorded living in North street in Boston. More surprising is that Charles has been born in the Union Workhouse in Boston, Lincolnshire and Sarah is recorded as living there. There may be a few explanations as to how Sarah ended up in Boston. She may have gone there for work and failed but there was a system where some unions sent their poor to other workhouses that could look after them more cheaply. Boston had a rather magnificent workhouse designed by George Gilbert Scott and built in 1837 which had an infirmary where Sarah could have had her baby in comparative luxury. For many poorer people the workhouse hospital was their only hope of medical attention.

At this time Boston was an important port and it seems possible that Sarah was in Boston when she met the mariner William, rather than going there to have his child.

On the 4th January 1847 Sarah married William Andrews, still a mariner, at the General Baptist Chapel in Boston. The witnesses are Michael Morgan and Elizabeth MacQueeney, and it records that Sarah and William live in North Street, Boston. William’s father is given as John Andrews (deceased)

William, however, had not long to live and suffering from “inflammation of the lungs” he dies just eighteen months later, on 7th June 1848. He was just forty-nine years old. The informant of the death is his nurse, the same Elizabeth MacQueeney and the 1851 Census for North Street records that 'Elizabeth McQueena' is running a pauper's lodging house. Neither of Sarah’s husbands seem to have survived long after marriage.

It is the next two censuses which help us to tie the two parts of Sarah’s life together. In 1851 a Charles Andrews, aged 5 and born in Boston, appears in Ringstead living with his Aunt Rose, a pauper unable to work, with her daughter Rebecca. Rose is shown as unmarried. With them is Rose’s sister Sarah Andrews, a widow who is the main subject of this story. By 1861 Rebecca, the daughter, is head of the house and her aunt, Sarah Andrews and her nephew Charles Andrews are living with her.

By 1871 Sarah is shown as the head, living in London End, Ringstead and Rebecca, her niece is still living with her. Sarah, aged 62 continues on Parish Relief although Rebecca is working as a lacemaker. Charles has married Elizabeth Warren on 31 August 1866 at the Baptist Meeting House in Thrapston and by 1871 is living at 29 Shop [High] Street, Ringstead with his three children, Ada, Annie and George.

Sarah does not appear in the 1881 Census and checking back we find her death, aged 67 in October December 1875.

Sarah lived much of her life in poverty and we can only skim the surface of the difficulties and privations that she suffered. 

 

References

Ringstead BMD. (Northampton Record Office)

Boston BMD (Lincolnshire Record Office) (my thanks to Agnes Burton for this information)

My thanks also to Liz Smart for alerting me to other details of William Andrews in the Boston Census.

1841, 1851, 1861, 1871 Censuses

Birth Certificate of Charles William Andrews 18th August 1845

Marriage Certificate of Charles William Andrews and Elizabeth Warren 13th August 1866. (Thrapston Baptist Meeting House)

Friday
Oct172014

The Manning Family 

A second go at the complex Manning family (only upto generation of Sarah who married William Andrews - my ancestors). I have not put a tree for the early Mannings as I feel the links are not established yet. I am sure that there are still many mistakes and omissions so please do let me know - however small or large - either at the bottom of this piece or by e-mail to david@warboys.com. My thanks to Forrest Manning and Tanya Harrington who pointed out the many defects in my first attempt - any mistakes remaining are all mine.

 

The Manning Family of Ringstead (and Denford & Woodford)

Manning has long been a familiar name in Ringstead, Denford and the surrounding parishes. In Ringstead the first mentions in the Parish Registers are the marriages of Thomas Tadsby (Gadsby ?) to Alice Manninge on May 3rd 1574 and of John Burgesse to Susannah Manninge on October 14th 1619. There are, a little later, the baptisms of the children of John and Hellen (Elin) Manning (e): John on July 1st 1624; Samuell on December 14th 1628 and Owen on August 9th 1632. There is then a gap of over half a century until the next Manning baptism in Ringstead.

We see a Kath Manninge, wife of Henry buried on November 22nd 1625 but no Henry buried until November 1672. This Henry could be very old husband or son or grandson or other relative or no relation at all. Without the family grouping of the Censuses we must be careful how we marry couples.

There is no neat pattern of baptisms, marriages and burials from which to construct a coherent family tree. We know that Nonconformity played a part in this, with the strong Ringstead Baptist tradition, but other causes could be the movement of individuals and families between parishes and the chaos of the Civil War period.

Much work has been done by Forrest Manning, Tanya Harrington and others on the Mannings of the area and they have pointed out errors in my initial family tree. I originally thought that the Thomas Manning born in about 1695 married twice but I think that Forrest and Tanya are right in believing that there were two Thomas Mannings. One was a labourer who married local girl Ann Porter on February 16th 1717. Ann was one of some ten children of John and Ann Porter. A first child named Ann had been baptised on 11 December 1683 in Ringstead but it seems that she did not survive childhood and it was a second Ann, christened on December 11th 1692, who married Thomas.

This couple had two daughters, Elizabeth baptised in Ringstead Parish Church on June 7th 1719 and Sarah who was baptised on November 6th 1720 and buried on December 20th of the same year. The family then seem to disappear from the records until a Henry Goode of Sawtry St. Andrew in Huntingdonshire marries an Elizabeth Manning “of this parish” on November 4th 1743. Goode had been a common name in Ringstead so perhaps there was some connection with the village. Once again the family seem to disappear from the local records except for the burial of Thomas Manning, a labourer in Ringstead Parish Church on September 5th 1730

I have found in Huntingdon Record Office the Parish Register for Sawtry All Saints which does have the following entries:

                May 16 1766 Elizabeth the wife of Henery Goody Labourer was buried Affid rec’d May 18

                Aug 12 1770 Henry Goodes Labourer was buried Affid Rec’d 12

                Jan 15 1773 Ann Manning Widow Aff’d r’d 

This is no conclusive evidence but it may indicate that after the marriage of Elizabeth to Henry Good(es) the couple moved back to Sawtry and at some point Elizabeth’s widowed mother joined them there and died an old woman.

On June 4th 1744 a Sarah Manning married William Hays.. Now we know that Sarah, the daughter of Thomas and  Ann died soon after her birth but there is the strong possibility that this is a second child of the couple named Sarah. This was a common practice. There is also the possibility that she was the daughter of another couple in the village, Thomas and Rose Manning.

Hays, too, was a name that had some history in Ringstead. The Victoria County History for Northamptonshire records:

The Hundred Rolls of 1274–5 show that the bailiffs of the Earls of Gloucester had in 1274–5 for sixteen years past been appropriating payments and services due from tenants in Ringstead, Raunds, and Cotes, members of the manor of Higham.

The tenants in Ringstead from whom suit was thus appropriated were Robert Punteney and Richard Trayly; the bailiffs had also withdrawn 10d. sheriff's aid owed by Richard de Ringstead, with 10d. for sheriff's aid from the fee of William Hay in Ringstead, and 2s. owed by the latter fee for view of frankpledge and vigils. William Barbedor (who in 1285 received a grant of lands and rents in the manor of Ringstead from Roger Barbedor for life) and Ralph Waldeshef in Ringstead and Stanwick were claiming assize of bread and ale. 

Unfortunately I have managed to find little about William and Sarah Hays after their marriage.

If we now return to the other Thomas Manning, who married Rose Dickens on July 18th 1720 in Ringstead Parish Church, we find that there are no baptisms for this couple in the Ringstead Registers. It seems likely that they were Baptists (until the mid nineteenth century only Ringstead Parish Church was licensed for marriages in the village). The Parish Register does record the burial of Mary Manning, daughter of Thomas and Rose on February 14th 1739 (almost certainly as a small child) but that is all.

We do know that on 5th October 1763 the Ringstead Baptist Church Book recorded the allocation of pews in the new Meeting House (following the burning down of the former one probably by children). This includes:

                5.            Willm Hayes (Ringstead) whole pew

                33           Thomas Manning Jun. (Ringstead)

This seems to indicate that William and Sarah Hay(e)s (nee Manning) had a family. It may also indicate that on balance, this Sarah was the daughter of Thomas and Rose, not of the other Thomas Manning and his wife Ann. It also adds some confusion. Who is Thomas Manning Junior? If he is the son of Thomas and Rose, which seems most likely although unproven, where are they? We believe that Rosamond (Rose), “wife of Thomas” was buried in the Parish churchyard on April 11th 1764 and Thomas “widower” was also buried there on February 4th 1779. Had they returned to the Church of England?

Just one other small piece of evidence is that the Militia Lists for 1774 and 1781 which should record all men between the ages of 18 and 45 in the parish eligible for militia service does not have a single Manning listed. Presumably Thomas , born about 1731, was just too old. In the 1762 List, however, he is deemed not eligible for service because he is lame and has 6 children so he may not have been considered.

It is really with Thomas, the probable son of Thomas and Rose who was born in about 1731 that we begin to a little clearer about the Manning family tree.

[Note: Forrest Manning, Tanya Harrington and others have the possible children of Thomas and Rose Manning as: Sarah who married William Hays; Elizabeth who married Henry Goode (who I believe may be the daughter of the other Thomas and his wife Ann; Rosamund who married Samuel Hackett in 1755; Mary who buried on 14th February 1740 and possibly William who was baptised on 1733 in Thrapston and who died the same year.]

 

THOMAS Manning Abt1731 – 1802? tbc

THOMAS Manning Abt1731 – 1802R tbc          –        Rebecca Browning Abt1738 Bythorn  - ? R tbc

Children

HENRY                        John                    James              Thomas            Rebecca            Mary

Abt1749 R-                   Abt1750 R -         Abt1754 - ?         Abt 1765 -            ? ?                 ?  ?       

28 Mar 1814 D                      ?                                                         ?             

Married twice                 Married                Married              Married           Married              Married

1 Mary Richardson        Mary Gunn        Mary Bosworth  Elizabeth Bugby  Thomas Staines     Thomas Plant

2 Rose Page

As I am tracing the Manning name down to meet the Andrews/ Ball trees it is Thomas Manning and his children who we first look at in a little more detail. Even here there is some confusion for I am not including a son, George Ball, who some trees have marrying Mary Ball for, so far, I have not found him (later a William Manning marries a Mary Ball). We are fortunate in that Thomas left a detailed Will which helps us piece some of the family together. 

Thomas was born in about 1731, and probably the son of Thomas (born about 1695) and his wife Rose Dickens, probably in Ringstead, although I have not found his baptism. This may be because he was a Baptist who would not christen a baby). On October 2ist 1749 he married Rebecca Browning in Bythorn which was where his wife was probably born (although again I have not found a baptism).

We know from the 1762 Militia List that Thomas was a farmer with 6 children who was exempted from militia duty because he was lame. Of course children may have died but there is the possibility that all the six children were born by 1762 and we have a wrong date for Thomas junior and the two girls were also born before this date.

There is some variance in the children who are allocated to Thomas and Rebecca by various online trees but I will omit those for whom I have found no proof of them being the couple’s children.

As I have said, we know something of Thomas and his family from his Will which I have transcribed below:

THE TRANSCRIPT OF THE WILL OF THOMAS MANNING OF RINGSTEAD DATED 6TH JANUARY 1800 held at Northampton Record Office

In the name of God Amen. I Thomas Manning of Ringstead, in the county of Northampton, farmer do make and publish my last Will and Testament in manner following, that is to say , first I direct that all my just debts, funeral expences, and the charges of proving this my will, shall be fully paid and satisfied by my executor herein aforenamed.

I give and devise unto my son John Manning, all those five acres, more or less of copyhold Arable land and Ley ground, and one rood more or less of copyhold meadow land with their and every of their  appurtenances, lying and being dispersed in the Open and Common fields and meadows of Ringstead aforesaid, now in my own occupation and which I have duly surrendered to the use of this my Will, to hold to him, his Heirs and Assigns, for ever  subject nevertheless and I hereby subject and charge the same estate  to and with the payment of twenty five pounds of lawful money of Great Britain, unto my daughter Mary, the wife of Thomas Plant, to be paid to her within twelve calendar months next after my decease.

I give and devise to my daughter Elizabeth, the widow of my late son Thomas Manning, all that part of a messuage or tenement with the appurtenances which is now in the occupation of Henry Sawford situate in Ringstead aforesaid, and adjoining the tenement in the occupation of James Manning  to hold to her the said Elizabeth Manning and her assigns for and during the term of her natural life if she shall so long continue a widow and unmarried, and from and after her decease or day of marriage, which shall first happen I give and devise the said part of a messuage or tenement with the appurtenances, and also all that the aforesaid tenement with the homestead, and appurtenances,  in the occupation of James Manning.  and also all that my close or orchard, lying above the said homestead on the north side of a back lane, and now in the several tenures of myself, Samuel Hackett and Mary Whitney, unto the four children of my late son the said Thomas Manning, deceased, namely   Henry, John, Thomas, and Rebecca Manning, to hold to them and to their several and respective heirs and assigns, for ever as tenants in common and not as joint tenants.

I give and devise unto my sons, Henry Manning and James Manning  all those seven acres (more or less) of Arable land, and Ley ground, lying and being dispersed in the Open and Common fields of Ringstead, aforesaid.  and also all those four pieces or parcels of meadow ground lying and being dispersed in the meadow of Ringstead, aforesaid in my own occupation with their and every of their appurtenances  (being Freehold)  to hold to them my said sons Henry and James as tenants in common and not as joint tenants and to their several and respective heirs and assigns,  for ever subject nevertheless and I do hereby subject and charge the said estate so devised to my said sons Henry and James, as aforesaid to and, with the payment of the sum of twenty five pounds of good and lawful money of Great Britain, to my daughter Rebecca the wife of Thomas Stains, to be paid to her within twelve calendar months next after my decease.

I give and bequeath to my said daughter Elizabeth Manning, the bed and bedding that she now lies on, and so much and such of my household furniture as she shall think proper, which she shall not amount at a fair apportionment to more than the value of five pounds, to and for her own use and benefit.

And as to and concerning all my ready money and securities for money, stocks, crops  farming, utensils, goods, chattels , and all other, my personal estate and effects, whatsoever and wheresoever of what nature, kind, quality soever the same, shall  or may consist, at the time of my decease.

I give and bequeath the same and every part thereof unto my friend William Geary the elder, his Executors, Administrators and Assigns (subject nevertheless to the payment of my just debts and funeral expences upon Trust and Confidence that he the said William Geary his Executors Administrators and Assigns do and shall as soon after my decease as conveniently may be, sell and dispose of such parts of my personal property as he shall judge proper for the most money and at the best price that can be had or gotten for the same and shall and will pay apply and divide the money arising by such Sale unto between and amongst the said four Children of my late son the said Thomas Manning deceased and the survivors or survivor of them equally share and share alike as they shall severally arrive at the age of Twenty-one Years and I do direct that the said William Geary in the meantime and until they shall respectively attain the said Age of Twenty-one Years shall have power to put out at Interest in his own Name the said Trust Monies and that the Interest to arise in the meantime shall be applied for and toward their respective Maintenance and Education.

And my Will is that my said Trustee shall not be answerable or accountable for any more Money than shall actually come to his hands And that is shall and may be lawful for my said Trustee to reimburse unto himself out of said Trust Money which may come to his hands and such reasonable Costs Charges and Expences which he shall sustain or be put unto in the Execution of the Trust hereby in him reposed. And do hereby appoint the said William Geary the Executor of this my Will hereby revoking and making void all former and other Wills by me before made. I declare this only to be my last Will and Testament. In Witness thereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal this Sixth day of January in the Year of our Lord One thousand eight hundred.

X The mark of Thomas Manning

Witnesses           Tho. N. Maydwell

                                Thomas Ekins

                                John Ekins

[Note: William Geary died and was buried, aged 53, on 4th September 1800, in Ringstead churchyard and his wife Ann became Executrix. On the “Twentieth day of September 1802” she swore before Isaac Gaskarth (the Ringstead vicar who was acting as “surrogate” for the Bishop) that she would carry out these duties and that the Goods Chattels and Credits of Thomas did not amount to more than three hundred pounds.]

There are a few other pieces of evidence which add some confusion to this Will.  On the 16th and 23rd February and 1st March 1788 the Northampton Mercury carried an advertisement:

To be sold at RINGSTEAD in the County of Northampton

                A very good FARM-HOUSE with convenient Homestead and Out-Buildings thereto adjoining; and also fifty  Acres of COMMON-FIELD LAND and LEYS, and several PIECES of MEADOW-LAND and Right of Common thereto belonging – The above Premises are Freehold and now in the Occupation of Thomas Manning who will shew the same.

N.B. Ringstead is only two Miles from Thrapston, a very good Corn-Market Town.

For further Particulars enquire of Messrs Billet, Attornies, Eynesbury, near St. Neots, Huntingdonshire

 

Again, some eighteen years later, on the 13th February 1796 the Mercury had another advertisement of a forthcoming auction.

           To Be SOLD by AUCTION

By Mr. JENKINSON

At the George Inn, at Thrapston in the County of Northampton on Tuesday the 23rd Day of February 1796 between the Hours of Four and Five in the Afternoon, subject to such Conditions of Sale as will be produced,

A Freehold FARM at RINGSTEAD, in the said County and now in the Occupation of Thomas Manning; Comprizing a Farm House, two Barns, Stable, &c. in Good Repair; with a Home Close, or Orchard, containing about one Acre; and about Forty-four Acres, Statute Meadow of rich Arable, Ley and Meadow Land, lying dispersedly in the Open Fields and Meadows there.

 Half of the Purchase Money may remain on the Security of the Premises, if required.

 The Tenant will shew the Premises and other Particulars may be known of the Auctioneer, at Huntingdon.

There being a father and son called Thomas may be confusing the issue further and Thomas junior died around the time of this auction (and  was certainly deceased at the time of Thomas senior’s Will).  Are these farm-houses and land part of a much larger estate that Thomas, the Will maker owned and which he was selling off in part or are they partly referring to the same farm-house and land?

This is all very unclear and more research is needed.

 

Children of Henry and Rebecca (nee Browning) Manning

1HR1 HENRY Manning (Abt 1749 R – 28 Mar 1814 D)

 

MARY Richardson (1)         -            HENRY Manning                     –            Rose Page (2)

     ??   -  21 Oct 1801 D                  1749 – 28 Mar 1814 D                

           Married 30 Oct 1780 Cranford St. John             -                Married 25 Oct 1803 R

                         Children                                                                        No Children?

   Henry                     John                             Thomas

 09 May 1785 D     11 June 1787 D               17 Feb 1782 D? -

    - 1824 W             – 21 Aug 1854 W           15 Jan 1851 R

We can see from the Will that Thomas, their father gave Henry and his brother James  some seven acres of arable and ley (pasture) land dispersed around the Ringstead Open fields) as well as some meadow land in the Ringstead meadow (probably pasture land near the river and liable to flood but also land used for hay rather than grazing). All this was said to be freehold. Enclosure did not come to Ringstead until 1839-1841. However, they had to pay to their sister Rebecca £25 within a year of their father’s death. They were tenants in common which meant that each could decide what they did with their half when they died (e.g. in a Will). In a joint tenancy, if one died the whole tenancy reverted to the survivor.

It is difficult to assess how difficult it would have been for Henry and James to find the £25 for Elizabeth. In essence wages have increased much faster than things since 1800 so £25 may be worth some £800 in commodities but around £25,000 in wages in England in 2014.

Henry had married Mary Richardson on 30th October 1780 at Cranford St John, some 5 miles north-west of Ringstead. They had had 3 known children all baptised in Denford: Henry on the 9th May 1785; John on 11th June 1787; and Thomas on 17th February 1782. Mary died on 21 October 1801 in Denford and two years later, Henry married again to Rose Page on 25th October 1803 in Ringstead. I have not found any children of this second marriage. In 1777 Henry was listed in the Denford militia so presumably had moved into that part of the joint parish.

Henry died and was buried on the 28th March 1814 in Denford churchyard. We must remember that Denford cum Ringstead was a joint parish  and if Henry and the family lived along the Denford Road there would be  a short walk (by the standards of the day) to either church. It seems likely that his widow, Rose Manning (widow), married widower William Jolley on December 31st 1816 in Ringstead Church. There is the top half of a broken headstone recorded in  the NFHs Memorial Inscriptions for the Ringstead Baptist Burial Ground which states:

Sacred to the memory of LLIAM JOLLEY *** departed this life** **** *821 aged 69 years **** ROSE  wife of *LLIAM JOLLEY (remainder missing).

 

1HR2 JOHN Manning (Abt 1750 –?)

JOHN Manning  Abt 1750 R – 1811 D                 -                   Mary Gunn 1751 D – 1823 D

Married 15th October 1778 D

Children

Mary                                        Sarah                                                John

        bap 05 Sept 1779 D                      bap 22 Jan 1786 D                       bap 11 June 1790 D -

         - 1822 Raunds tbc                                 - ?                                     bur. 13 June 1790 D        

John was born in about 1750 in Ringstead. He married Mary Gunn on 15th October 1778 in Denford. Mary was born in Denford in about 1751 (she was 72 when buried in 1823) and it appears that the couple were now living in the Denford for he, and his brother Henry are shown as being liable for militia duty in Denford rather than Ringstead in the 1777 list.

A John Manning was baptised in Denford on June 18th 1785. The baptism register states, “an adult person”, Was it this John? The couple seem to have had at least three children baptised in Denford

Thomas in his Will had left his son John some five acres of copyhold arable and ley land and about one rood of copyhold meadow spread around the Ringstead Open and Common fields. John, however, had to give his sister Mary (who had married Thomas Plant) the sum of £25 within a year of Thomas’s death. Again this would not be an inconsiderable sum (see Henry). Copyhold land was a lesser ownership of land than freehold and was a legacy of the old manorial system. A copyhold tenant’s title was a copy of the agreed tenure as written in the manorial court roll. These tenants were restricted in what they could do with their land and needed the permission of the court to give, sell or mortgage the land.

John died and was buried on September 18th 1811 in Denford churchyard followed some 11 years later, on January 23rd 1823, by his wife Mary.

 

1HR3 JAMES Manning (Abt 1754 R - ?)

JAMES Manning Abt 1754 R - ??                          -                            Mary Bosworth 

James        Rebecca       William        Thomas     Isaac        Jacob          Sarah       Ann          Hannah

Abt1784    1791           Abt1796      Abt1797      1803         1805          1809        1813          1813

 -?               - ?              - 1874        - 1797       -1857          -?           -1848          -  ?             - ?

James was born in about 1754 in Ringstead 

On 7th March 1784 a Mary Bosworth had an illegitimate son christened James in Ringstead Parish Church. The Register records that he was the son of James Manning. It also states that the christening was “relieved by the parish” which seems to imply that neither James nor Mary had much money. A little later in the century two Boswell women were buried in the Ringstead churchyard and we know that they were gypsies. Are Bosworth and Boswell versions of the same surname? Is it possible that Mary too was of gypsy stock although she was possibly born in Cottesbrooke ( I have my doubts that this is the correct Mary Bosworth).

Some two years later, on May 8th 1786 the couple were married in Ringstead church. We do not then see any further baptisms were we later discover that children were being born and suddenly in a six month period there was a surge of baptisms. Firstly daughters, Hannah and Ann were baptised on June 20th 1813 and as no birth dates are given it may be that these are very recent births. Then in October of the same year Rebecca, born in November 1791, was baptised and on January 9th of the following year three children were baptised together: Isaac born on 27th April 1803; Jacob born in August 1805 and Sarah on 4th April 1809. When we look in the Burials Register for Ringstead we also see that the couple had a son, Thomas, buried on February 22nd 1797.

As we have seen in the Will of his father James was living in a cottage which was left to the family of his brother, Thomas. He also shared an inheritance of some land in the Ringstead Open fields with his brother Henry and had a joint duty to provide £5 for his sister Rebecca .

I have not found his death but there was a James Manning who was buried in Irchester on 20th April 1821 aged 72. A Mary Manning had been buried also at Irchester on 7th April 1816 aged 65. Could this be the correct couple? More research needed.

 

1HR4 THOMAS Manning (Abt 1765 R – pre 1802)

THOMAS Manning 1765 – pre1802 tbc      -     Elizabeth Bugby

      Henry                       John                            Thomas                               Rebecca

         Abt 1791 - ?                Abt 179? - ?                  Abt 1794 - ?                        Abt 1796 –

Thomas was born in about 1765 in Ringstead. He married Elizabeth Bugby in Ringstead church on 12th November 1789. The couple had four children all born in Ringstead: Henry in about 1791; John in about 17987; Thomas in about 1794; Rebecca in about 1796.

We know that Thomas junior died soon after the births of his children because when his father, Thomas, made his will he had already died.

Thomas senior (born about 1731) tried to ensure the future of Thomas’s widow, Elizabeth and her four children. He bequeathed to Elizabeth, the cottage and grounds which were occupied by Henry Sawford (and next to the cottage lived in by Elizabeth’s brother-in-law, James) during her lifetime or until she re-married.  When she died or re-married the house as well as next door (occupied by James) with the close or orchard on the north side of Back Lane (which was tenanted by Thomas himself, Samuel Hackett and Mary Whitney) would go to Elizabeth’s four children.  He also left Elizabeth the “bed and bedding that she now lies on and such of my household furniture as she shall think proper” to the value of no more than five pounds.

Thomas senior had told his executor to sell everything else and invest it to provide maintenance and education from the interest for the four grandchildren until they were twenty-one and then distributed evenly between them.

Elizabeth died in 1821 (tbc)

 

1HR5 REBECCA Manning (daughter of the Thomas b 1731)

Rebecca Manning married Thomas Staines on 13th October 1777 in Ringstead Church. [Thomas Stains’ birth is given in some Ancestry trees as 1757 in Raunds but I have not yet found any proof of this. They also give a son called Henry Stains born 1788 in Ringstead and died 1803 in Ringstead but again I have no proof.]

Thomas was shown as the Militia List for 1777 for Ringstead so seems to have moved to the village.

Rebecca was remembered in her father, Thomas’s Will of 1800. It states

subject and charge the said estate so devised to my said sons Henry and James, as aforesaid to and, with the payment of the sum of twenty five pounds of good and lawful money of Great Britain, to my daughter Rebecca the wife of Thomas Stains, to be paid to her within twelve calendar months next after my decease.

 

1HR6 MARY Manning (? -?)

Mary Manning, born in Ringstead married Thomas Plant, “a husbandman from Thrapston” on 14th October 1781 in Ringstead Church. The 1777 Ringstead Militia List has Thomas Plant as a servant.

[Note:  Thomas is sometimes shown in Ancestry trees to be born in 1753 in Little Bowden and died on July 1828 aged 76 in Thrapston.]

Her father Thomas left a bequest to Mary in his Will:

. . . and charge the same estate  to and with the payment of twenty five pounds of lawful money of Great Britain, unto my daughter Mary, the wife of Thomas Plant, to be paid to her within twelve calendar months next after my decease.

 

Next Generation

Children of Henry (1HR1) and Mary Manning (born abt 1749)

Mary Richardson (1)         -            Henry Manning                     –            Rose Page (2)

                 ??   -  21 Oct 1801 D                         1749 – 28 Mar 1814 D                

         Married 30 Oct 1780 Cranford St. John             -                             Married 25 Oct 1803 R

                                Children                                                                           No Children?

THOMAS HM1              HENRY   HM2              JOHN   HM3                     

 3rd Mar  1782 D -         09 May 1785 D           11 June 1787 D                  

15 Jan 1851 R                   - 1824 W                - 21 Aug1854 W          

 

2HM1 THOMAS Manning (3rd March 1782 D – 1851 ?? Denford)

Thomas was born in Denford and baptised there on the 3rd March 1782. He married Prudence Lawrence on 14th November 1804 in Woodford. She was born (?) on 14th June 1775 in Woodford.

In the 1841 Census of Denford the couple are living next door to William Major. Thomas is recorded as 55 years old and a labourer and Prudence as 65. It is likely that the rounding of ages in the 1841 Census has exaggerated the age difference between the couple and it was probably nearer seven years. The Census area is recorded as “All that parish of Denford lying on the road from Thrapston to Higham Ferrers. The Mannings are the last ones in the Census record so it seems very likely that they were the closest on the road to the Ringstead parish.

Prudence died in 1847 in Woodford.  Thomas was buried on January 15th 1851 in Denford churchyard. Interestingly the death of Prudence was recorded in the membership book of Ringstead Baptist Church.

 

2HM2 HENRY Manning (9th May 1785 D – 1824 W)

Henry was baptised on May 9th 1785 in Denford. He married Mary Hawkins on 13th February 1802 in Keysoe in Bedfordshire. She was born in about 1778. He died in 1824 in Denford and the 1841 Census for Woodford has her living on The Green in Woodford living between the families of Thomas Baker, the blacksmith and John Brawn the butcher. She is 65 and is described as an “Ag Lab’s widow”. Living with her is 20 year old (rounded) Samuel Manning who is an agricultural labourer.

Mary died in 1848 in Woodford.

 

2HM3 JOHN Manning (Abt 1785 D – 1854 W)

John Manning 1785 D – 1854 W                -                  Sarah Roe (Rowe) 1785W – 1853 W

  Thomas        Mary          Jane           Henry        Catherine        Samuel       James           John

  Rowe

 1810 -          1812 -        1815 -        1817 -          1820 -            1821 -       1824 -         1829 -

 1898            1864           1910          1878            1901               1866         1885            1888

All dates etc from Lott/Roberts online tree and need to be confirmed

John was born in about 1785 in Denford and baptised there on 11th June 1787. On October 13th 1809 he married Sarah Roe who was born in 1785 in Woodford, the daughter of Samuel Roe and his wife Jane (nee Foscutt). The Roe family were Baptists and it seems that John too joined their church. He had to claim Parish Relief on a number of occasions between 1818 and 1821 and was put on the “Roundsman“ system where labourers were put out to farmers for low wages. Sarah Roe (or Rowe) died in Woodford, on January 16th 1853, of heart disease, aged 68. The following year, on 21st August 1854 John died too in Woodford, of “decay of nature”. According to the Lott/Roberts Family Tree on www.Ancestry.co.uk   the couple had at least eight children and one at least Thomas Rowe Manning emigrated in April 1832 (when he was 21) and settled in Douglas, Worcester, Massachusetts.

 

Children of John (1HR2) and Mary Manning

John Manning (1HR2) Abt 1750 R – 1811 D                 -                   Mary Gunn Abt 1751 – 1823 D

Married 15th October 1778 D

               Mary (2JM1)                           Sarah (2JM2)                                 John (2JM3)

        bap 05 Sept 1779 D                     bap 22 Jan 1786 D                        bap 11 June 1790 D -

         -1822 Raunds tbc                                   - ?                                     bur. 13 June 1790 D 

2JM1 Mary Manning (1779 - 1822 tbc)

No further information as yet

 

2JM2 Sarah Manning (22 Jan - ?)

No further information as yet

 

2JM3 JOHN Manning (bap11 June 1790 – 13 June 1790

John Manning junior was baptised on June 11th 1790 in Denford parish church and was buried two days later on June 13th in Denford churchyard.

 

Children of James (1HR3) and Mary Manning (born abt1754)

James Manning (1HR3) Abt 1754 R - ??                      -                 Mary Bosworth 

James        Rebecca       William        Thomas        Isaac        Jacob        Sarah       Ann          Hannah

Abt1784    1791           Abt1796      Abt1797         1803         1805        1809        1813          1813

 -?              - ?              - 1874           1797           -1857          -?         -1875         -  ?             - ?

 

2JaM1 JAMES Manning Abt1784 R – 1838 tbc 

James was baptised James Manning/Bosworth on March 7th 1844, the son of James Manning and Mary Bosworth some two years before his parents’ marriage on May 8th 1786 in Ringstead Parish Church. I have not yet found a marriage. He may have been the James Manning who died October – December 1838 in the Thrapston District but I have not found his burial in the Ringstead Burial Register.     

2JaM2  REBECCA (Rose?) Manning 1791 – 1859?

There were two Rebecca Mannings born at about the same time to different brothers. This Rebecca, the daughter of James and Mary I believe has been confused with her cousin Rebecca the daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth. This Rebecca was born in November 1791 (day not given) and baptised on October 24th 1813 in the Ringstead Parish Church.

I do not think that she ever married but had an illegitimate daughter Rebecca (whose baptism I have not yet found) in about 1823. The 1841 Census for Ringstead has a Rose Manning, aged 55 (rounded age) and a pauper. I believe this to be Rebecca senior and living with her is her daughter Rebecker. 15. A lacemaker. Also in the house are her brother  Isaac (aged 35), an unmarried agricultural labourer, and her sister Sarah who had married Edward Chamber in 1832 (who seems then to have disappeared).

Nearly ten years later, in the 1851 Census, Rose is shown as 58, the correct age and unmarried. She is unable to work and a pauper. Rebecca, Rose’s daughter, is now 28 and an unmarried lacemaker. Also living with her is her sister Sarah Andrews (who has re-married and been widowed) Sarah’s son, Charles Andrews, aged 5 and already a pauper, is with her. Next door is Rose’s brother, Jacob (52) and his wife 52, and also called Rebecca.

It may be that Rose died in October – December 1859 in the Thrapston District but without further research this is only a possibility. Her sister Sarah Andrews died in Thrapston Workhouse on 30th November 1875 aged 67 and her daughter Rebecca also died there aged 73 on 19th December 1885.

 

2JaM3 WILLIAM Manning Abt1796 - 1874

WILLIAM Manning Abt1796 – Jul - Sep1874 H   -   Mary Ball Abt1794 Barham - Jan - Mar 1877 H

       William           John                 Ann               George                   Mary                 Henry

   Abt 1827?     Abt1829 We      Abt 1830 We      Abt 1836 We       Abt1839 We        Abt1840 We

All are approximate birth dates based on the 1841 & 1851 Censuses (We = Werrington).

A William Manning son of William and Mary was baptised in Paston (which is some 2 miles away) on 17th December 1826.

William does not seem to have been baptised when most of his siblings were in the period 1813-14. It may be that he was already away for home  or just did not want to be baptised. He was born in about 1796 in Ringstead and married Mary Ball, (who was born in Barham in Huntingdonshire some 13 miles east of Ringstead), on 31st May 1819 in Ringstead Parish Church. They are both shown as “of this parish” and banns were called but it did not take many weeks to establish residency.

The 1841 Census finds the couple in Werrrington which is some north of Peterborough and has now been swallowed by the new townships of the city. It is about 25 miles north east of Ringstead. William’s occupation is not shown but he was probably an agricultural labourer. Both he and Mary are 44 and they have six children shown: William 14; John 12; Ann10; George 6; Mary 3; and Henry 1.

The 1851 Census gives us a little more detail. By now the family have moved to North Bank in Wisbech St Mary. William is now shown as 53 and a “ground keeper”. The eldest son, William, has gone but five of the children are still at home: John 22; Ann 20; George 15,; Mary 12; and Henry 11. All are shown as being born in Werrington and all are shown as agricultural labourers. It may be that the younger ones work was intermittent but this was an area where the gangmasters recruited and organised groups of women and children and contracted with the farmers for the work to be done. It was a mainly arable area but also was a well known area for fruit and vegetable. Migrant workers have played a major part in the local farming economy to this day.

By 1861 William and Mary, both 53, have moved to Sutton Gap Road in Sutton St Edmunds in Lincolnshire, some 15 miles south east of Spalding and is again typical fenland, former marshland kept dry by manmade drainage ditches, channels and dykes. In 1871 it had a population of 734. William, now 63, was a shepherd and perhaps it was an inefficient Census collector who had Ringstead in Huntingdonshire and Mary’s place of birth unknown. Henry, born in Werrington and 20 years old is the only child still at home. He is an agricultural worker like his father.

By 1871 William and Mary now 77, are living in Sutton Gate in still in Sutton St Edmund, with their son George, now 35 and his young wife Alice who is 21. They have 3 children: Harry 5, Mary Louisa 1 and son Willy just 8 months old. Harry was born in March Fen and Mary Louise in Holbeach so we see that George has also travelled around the area looking for work.

William died in July – Sept 1874 aged 80 in the Holbeach District (which includes Sutton St Edmund) and Mary who is also shown as 80 died there in Jan – Mar 1877

 

2JaM 4 THOMAS Manning Abt1797 R – 22 Feb 1797 R

Thomas was buried on February 22nd 1797 in Ringstead churchyard almost certainly as an infant.

 

2JaM5  ISAAC Manning 1803 – 1857

Isaac was born on 27th April 1803 and baptised on January 9th 1814 along with his siblings, Jacob and Sarah, in Ringstead Parish Church. In the 1841 Census he is lodging with his older sister Rose. He is 35, unmarried and an agricultural labourer. He then seems to disappear from the Censuses. I have not found his death or burial. Did he emigrate?

 

2JaM6 JACOB Manning 1805 - 1857?

Jacob was born in August 1805 (no day given) and baptised in Ringstead Church with his siblings Isaac and Sarah on January 9th 1814. He was a bachelor when he married Rebecca Saddington, a spinster by banns on October 2nd 1826. She was born in Ringstead but I cannot find her baptism – possibly a Baptist. The witnesses were William Dix and Hannah Sawford.

There is a baptism for a Joseph Saddington, son of Rebecca, on 11th April 1826 in the Ringstead Church Register. It seems likely that he is the son of Jacob and Rebecca born a few months before their marriage and in 1841 a Joseph Manning, aged 15, is a servant living with farmer, Robert Knight and his wife Elizabeth in Ringstead. I have not found him after this date.

In the 1841 Census for Ringstead Jacob is 35 (rounded ages) and an agricultural labourer. Rebecca is also 35 and there are four children: John 11; James 7; Mary 6 and William 2. By 1851 Jacob is 52 (his true age should be around 46) and a pauper unable to work like his older sister Rose /Rebecca (58) who is living next door. Rebecca, Jacob’s wife was also born in Ringstead is 52 and the children John (22) an agricultural labourer, Mary (15) a lacemaker and William (11) a plough boy are still living at home. There is no sign of James in 1851 but he appears in all the later Ringstead Censuses, first as an agricultural and then as an ironstone labourer, until his death in 1904.

Rebecca may have died in 1854 and Jacob probably died in Jan – Mar 1857 in the Thrapston District, when he was actually about 52, but I have not found his burial in Ringstead.

[Note:  John, son of Jacob and Rebecca, married Sarah Ann Phillips daughter of Samuel and Mary Phillips. It was Sarah Ann who lay with the Lydia Attley (who was due to give birth) on the night before her disappearance. Sarah Ann gave evidence at the trial of William Weekley Ball.]

 

2JaM7 SARAH Manning (1809 - 1875)

Edward Chambers  (1)           -          SARAH Manning               -        William Andrews  (2)

                ? - ?                    4th April 1809 R - 30 Nov 1875 Th.    Abt1799 - 7th June B 1848 Boston 

                                                                             Child of Sarah and William 

           No children known of first marriage known                         Charles Andrews   

 8th Aug 1845   -    15th July 1890 Thrapston                

This biography based on chapter in Ringstead People book 

 When searching through the records for Ringstead you quickly discover that two factors try to thwart your progress up, or down your family tree. The families naturally link and interweave and the parents were rarely imaginative in the choice of names for their children. The boys are often John or Thomas or George or Henry and the girls are Rebecca or Sarah or Elizabeth or Hannah or Mary. The men then set about marrying women with the same names as their mothers or sisters or cousins. Suddenly the village is littered with Rebecca Mannings or John Balls. Some of the women will decide to use their middle name to help the family and enable them to keep some individuality but for us searching through those pre 1841 Census days an entry in the Parish Register is as likely to perplex as enlighten.

Sarah Manning was baptised on January 9th 1814, in a family batch, with her older brothers Isaac and Jacob. Luckily the parish register records that she was born on 4th April 1809 and is the daughter of James and Mary. Her eldest brother, James, was baptised on 7 March 1784 and is recorded as, ‘James Manning Bosworth the Bastard son Of James Manning and Mary Bosworth. Relieved by the Parish’’.  James and Mary married some two years later on 8 May 1786 but, surprisingly it appears that the next child, Rebecca was not born until November1791, as it records at her baptism, on 24 October 1813. It may be that some children have come and gone unrecorded, or that James was away, or was it possible that they were in a local workhouse and segregated. Of their first child, James, I can find no further trace.

In all, James and Mary had ten children and Sarah was the eighth. I say eighth although I believe that her sister Rebecca, born in 1791, is the same person as Rose who appears in the 1851 Census as being born in about 1791 and whose birth or baptism cannot be found. If this is true then Sarah was the seventh child.

She next appears in the records when she marries Edward Chambers on 20 October 1832 at Ringstead. It is in the Parish Register and it states that ‘Both are Of This Parish’ (BOTP). There are no baptisms recorded for the couple and we never see Edward Chambers again. There are some Edward Chambers in the criminal records so perhaps he was transported.  By 1841 Sarah is living with her older sister Rebecca and her brother Isaac. Also living with Rebecca is another Rebecca who appears from the 1851 Census to be the older sister’s illegitimate child. The two younger women are shown as lacemakers but Rebecca is a ‘pauper’.

We meet Sarah again in 1845 but now using her maiden name of Manning. The birth certificate of Charles Andrews, born on the 8th August 1845, records Sarah Manning as the mother and a William Andrews, a mariner as the father. William, in the 1841 Census, was recorded living in North Street in Boston. More surprising is that Charles has been born in the Union Workhouse in Boston, Lincolnshire and Sarah is recorded as living there. There may be a few explanations as to how Sarah ended up in Boston. She may have gone there for work and failed but there was a system where some unions sent their poor to other workhouses that could look after them more cheaply. Boston had a rather magnificent workhouse designed by George Gilbert Scott and built in 1837 which had an infirmary where Sarah could have had her baby in comparative luxury. For many poorer people the workhouse hospital was the only hope of medical attention. But Thrapston too had a new Workhouse by this time.

At this time Boston was still an important port and it seems possible that Sarah was in Boston when she met the mariner William, rather than going there to have his child. Perhaps she travelled there with the mysterious Edward Chambers.

On the 4th January 1847 Sarah married William Andrews, still a mariner, at the General Baptist Chapel in Boston. The witnesses were Michael Morgan and Elizabeth MacQueeney, and it records that Sarah and William live in North Street, Boston. William’s father is given as John Andrews (deceased).

William, however, had not long to live and suffering from ‘inflammation of the lungs’ he dies just eighteen months later, on 7th June 1848. He was just forty-nine years old. The informant of the death is his nurse, the same Elizabeth MacQueeney and the 1851 Census for North Street records that 'Elizabeth McQueena' is running a pauper's lodging house. Neither of Sarah’s husbands seems to have survived long after marriage.

It is the next two Censuses which help us to tie the two parts of Sarah’s life together. In 1851 a Charles Andrews, aged 5 and born in Boston, appears in Ringstead living with his Aunt Rose, a pauper unable to work, with her daughter Rebecca. Rose is shown as unmarried. With them is Rose’s sister Sarah Andrews, a widow who is the main subject of this story. By 1861 Rebecca, the daughter, is head of the house and her aunt, Sarah Andrews and her nephew Charles Andrews are living with her.

By 1871 Sarah is shown as the head of the house, living in London End, Ringstead and Rebecca, her niece is still living with her. Sarah, aged 62 continues on Parish Relief although Rebecca is working as a lacemaker. Charles has married Elizabeth Warren on 31 August 1866 at the Baptist Meeting House in Thrapston and by 1871 is living at 29 Shop [High] Street, Ringstead with his three children, Ada, Annie and George.

Sarah does not appear in the 1881 Census and checking back we find her death, aged 67, in Thrapston Union Workhouse on 30th November 1875. Sarah lived much of her life in poverty and we can only skim the surface of the difficulties and privations that she suffered.

2JaM8 ANN Manning  1813 - ?

The sisters Ann and Hannah were christened together in Ringstead Parish Church on June 20th 1813. Unfortunately, unlike the other siblings who followed, no birth dates are given. I suspect this they are, unlike the others, have been christened soon after birth. Are they twins?

There is an Ann Manning who marries John Gunn on 22nd October 1833 in Denford. He is a farm labourer. The couple continued to live in Denford and raise a family

2JAM9 HANNAH Manning 1813 - ?

Unfortunately I have not been able to find further details of Hannah definitely again.

 

Children of Thomas Manning (1HR4)) and Elizabeth (Bugby)

Thomas Manning (1HR4) 1765 – 1802 tbc      -     Elizabeth Bugby

           Henry                           John                                   Thomas                           Rebecca

         Abt 1791 - ?                 Abt 1793 - ?                          Abt 1794 - ?                   Abt 1796 –

 

 

 Children of Henry Manning (1HR4)) and Rebecca Stevens

HENRY Manning (2TE1) Abt1791 - ?    -    Rebecca Stevens? - ?

                                    Elizabeth                                              Mary Ann                                         

                                 Abt 1830 Wellingborough - ?                      Abt 1833 W. - ?

Unless they commit some crime it is rare that the ordinary families of Ringstead appear in the official documents of the time except as brief entries of their births, marriages and deaths and, after 1841, in the ten-yearly Censuses. Henry, however, and his family became part of a case to settle a point of law on the ‘Duty and Office of Magistrates’. His misfortune casts a little light into these lost lives.

Henry Manning was born in about 1791. I have not found any record of his birth but he was twenty-three years old when he married Rebecca Stevens on 3rd November 1814.

As we have seen his grandfather Thomas Manning senior had a little property and on the 6th January 1800 he made a will. In this he left ‘five acres of land, more or less, of copyhold meadow ground with their and every of their appurtenances lying and being dispersed in the open and common fields and meadows of Ringstead’. He bequeathed to Elizabeth the widow of his son, Thomas, ‘all that part of a messuage or tenement with the appurtenances, which is now in the occupation of Henry Sawford situate in Ringstead aforesaid and adjoining the tenement in the occupation of Joseph Manning.’

Finally, he left to the four children of Thomas and Elizabeth, namely Henry, John, Thomas and Rebecca, on the marriage or death of their mother, this house as well as the house next door in which Joseph Manning lived together with the ‘close or orchard lying about the said homestead on the north side of a back lane and now in the several tenures of Thomas Senior, Samuel Hackett and Mary Whitney.’

Henry must have moved to Wellingborough and become a pauper for, in about 1828, the magistrates there sent him back to Ringstead because they said that he had an 'interest in property' there. It was decided by the court that, because his mother had not died or remarried at the time, he had no interest in property in Ringstead and therefore this action was illegal.

Unusually for the family historian a family tree for a working family is partially laid out. It also shows how the Poor Law operated with parishes eager to unload the cost of any pauper if at all possible. They were on the lookout for the ‘illegal immigrant’. Henry himself, now 50 years old, is recorded in ‘Harriotts Lane’, [now Herriotts Lane] Wellingborough with his wife Rebecca and daughters Maria and Elizabeth. Also living with them is Hannah aged 50 who is probably the wife of his brother John He is recorded as a shoemaker.

Here we get one of those surprising leaps when a family break through the parochial bounds and suddenly appear away from friends and family. In this case it was not unusual in the middle of the nineteenth century for people from the villages, pauperised by the depressions in agriculture, to be drawn into the ‘Great Wen’. Areas like Bethnal Green became terrible, overcrowded, stinking slums with neither clean water nor adequate sewerage. Ways of living, which had been sustainable in a rural setting, when continued in the cities, led to terrible living conditions and often to disease and early death.

Henry and Rebecca seem to have fared a little better than many because in 1851 we find them at No 28 Lower Belgravia Street in the Parish of St George, Hanover Square in the City of Westminster. I have not found the re-marriage or death of his mother, Elizabeth, but it is likely that this had occurred and Henry had his legacy. He is now 59 years old and Rebecca is 50. He is a bootmaker and Rebecca is a dressmaker. Elizabeth, now 21 is a ladies’ maid and Mary Ann is a dressmaker like her mother. Next door lives Samuel Candy, a Master Mason employing 40 men and, two doors away at No 30, James Burrows, a coal merchant. Number 28 had four families living in it. There was a house painter and his wife from Gosport, a master tailor from Gloucester with his wife and four children, and a woman from Canterbury and her grandson who was ‘supported by friends’.

There is some confusion here because in 1851 Lydia is shown not living with her parents but nearby as a visitor with Elizabeth Collins. In 1861 the two are again living together but this time Lydia is shown the sister of Elizabeth. Elizabeth is the correct age to have been Elizabeth Manning so who is the Elizabeth Manning living with her parents in 1851. It appears that Maria, who is about the same age, has changed her name to Elizabeth once the first Elizabeth has married. There may be another explanation but at the moment none is obvious.

Lower Belgrave Place was not one of the ‘best’ streets of this prosperous area being more Pimlico than Belgravia but it was pleasanter than most in the capital and seems to have had an artistic community. Allan Cunningham, the Scottish born writer lived at number 27 until his death in 1842. The sculptor, John Evan Thomas, who produced statues of the great and the good, especially from his native Wales, established a studio at number 7 from about 1834 until 1862. His most famous sculpture is ‘The Death of Tewdic’ and a bronze electrotype of it was exhibited by Elkington, Mason and Co. in the Great Exhibition of 1851.

It would be surprising if Henry and his family did not attend this grand display of Victorian confidence in industry and Empire. Hyde Park, where the Great Exhibition Hall, the Crystal Palace, was erected, was just a stone’s throw away and, it seems the whole of England, regardless of class, clamoured to see it. One of its opponents in the House of Commons, railed against it being allowed to stay in Hyde Park, after the Exhibition had finished, in these words:

Unfortunately, however, for the people of this country, the erection of the Crystal Place took place; and what had been the result? The desecration of the Sabbath - the demoralisation of the people - a disunion of parties - and increasing poverty to a most serious extent; for he had heard and with pain, that the poor of this country had been seduced to come up to this Exhibition. All that they had saved and all they could borrow had been in many cases spent in this foolish journey; and he knew he spoke facts when he stated that not only had they borrowed money but pawned their clothes to enable them to come up to this ‘World's Fair,’ as it was called; and now they were left without a penny in their pockets.

Colonel Sibthorpe 29 July 1851.

Others were pleasantly surprised that the working class had behaved well and there had not been the terrible outbreak of violence and immorality that had been predicted. The more recent criticism of the Millennium Dome seems very mild by comparison.

A new world of invention and manufacture was being celebrated but one that neither Henry nor Rebecca lived long to see. Rebecca died on 26th October 1857 in Pimlico followed some eighteen months later on 14 June 1859, aged 68, by Henry.

 

2TE2 JOHN Manning (Abt1793 – 1854?)

JOHN Manning Abt 1793 R – 1854?    -   Hannah Humphreys   1792 R - ?

   Mary     Elizabeth    Rebeckah      John    Daniel     John    Sarah    Hannah      Maria     William H.

  1811        1812           1814        1816     1819      1822   1824       1828         1831       1836

Birth years registered by Ringstead Particular Baptists. See text for exact dates.

John was born in about 1793 in Ringstead. There is no baptism but this is not surprising as Thomas’s side of the Manning family seem to be Baptists (as opposed to James although the mass Church of England baptisms in 1813 -14 could reflect a move from the Baptists to the parish church.  

John married Hannah Humphries by banns on 17th April 1811 in Ringstead Parish Church. Of course, only the parish church was registered in the village for weddings at this time. Hannah was also a Baptist whose birth was registered in 1822 as being on the 29th December 1792. She was the daughter of David and Mary Humphreys (there are various spellings).John was not registered at this time.

We do have a full list of the registration of the births of John and Hannah’s ten children at the Ringstead Particular Baptist Church, They are: Mary 6 August 1811; Elizabeth 23rd October 1812; Rebekah 24th August 1814; John 31st December 1816; Daniel 30th September 1819; John 24th February 1822; Sarah 10th August 1824; Hannah 10th October 1828; Maria 4th June 1831; William Humphrey 11th July 1836

It looks as if the first John died as an infant but we have no sign of a burial in the Parish Register. It seems likely that he was buried in the Baptist Burial Ground for like Ringstead Churchyard and the Cemetery many stones are illegible, broken, or have disappeared. Certainly the horizontal gravestone of [William] Humphrey Manning, son of John and Hannah Manning was transcribed by the Northamptonshire Family History Society. The transcription records that he died on December 18th 185?0 aged 11 (I think it might be 14 which would be correct).

In the 1841 Census John, the father, aged 45 (rounded) was living in Ringstead with his children Thomas 20, an agricultural labourer, Daniel 20 a shoemaker, Hannah 10 and William 5. His wife, Hannah, was either staying with or visiting John’s older brother, Henry, and his wife in Harriotts (Herriotts) Lane in Wellingborough.

By 1851 John, still an agricultural labourer, aged 58 is with Hannah, 58, and son Daniel, 31, a cordwainer (shoemaker) in Rotton Row in Raunds.

It is probable that John died soon after this and the 1861 Census has Hannah, aged 68, living with her son Daniel (41) and his wife Ann from Leighton Bromswold in Huntingdonshire. The couple have a two-year-old son, Edward and two nephews Henry (16) and Thomas (7) Fuller (children of Daniel’s sister, Sarah) living with them.

There is a second transcription in the NFHS pamphlet of Memorial Transcriptions for Ringstead of a damaged gravestone in the Baptist Burial Ground. It reads

SC3         (Broken stone) John Man**** ** Feb 1874. **** Hannah his wife who died March 16, 1**7 aged 74.

I think that it is possible that this is a mistranscription and John’s death date should be February 1854 and Hannah’s date is March 16th 1867. She was 75. On the Ancestry website davidb1401 has her dying in Quebec in Canada on 11th February 1871 but I believe that this is a mistake.

2TE3 THOMAS Manning (Abt 1794 – 1854 tbc)

 

THOMAS Manning Abt 1794 R – 1854 D tbc       –      Lydia Robertson Abt 1893 D – 1853 D tbc

  Anne      Elizabeth    Thomas    Lydia    Hannah      George    Rebecca     Charlotte      John      Henry

 1813         1815         1820       1820      1823          1825       1828          1829         1833       1837

Approximate birth dates only. All born in Denford

Thomas was born in about 1794 in Ringstead. Again there is no baptism and as his parents seem to have been Baptists this is not surprising.

On 18th November 1812 he married Lydia Robertson in Denford Parish Church. Thomas junior and Lydia appear to have been Church of England for all their children were baptised in Denford Parish Church. There is some dispute about the family in the various online trees but following the Denford Baptism Register we see (with baptism dates); Anne 3rd October 1813; Elizabeth 24th December 1815; Thomas Robinson and Lydia 4th June 1820; Anna or Hannah 30th November 1823; George 25th December 1825; Rebecca 3rd October 1828; Charlotte and John 13th January 1833 (from 1841 Census Charlotte born about 1829 and John 1833); and finally Henry 25th June 1837.

In the 1841 Denford Census Thomas is 48 and an agricultural labourer. Lydia is also 48 and the children still at home are Lydia 21, George 16, Rebecca 13, Charlotte 10 and John 7. By 1851 Thomas is 57 and has become a shepherd (he probably always had been one and only the description changed). More surprising is that Lydia (52) is also shown as a shepherd.  Women worked on the land but I have not seen another female shepherd recognized in the Censuses in the area. Their daughter Rebecca, now 23 and unmarried is a hand loom weaver and this is again a surprise. Weaving had been an outwork craft carried on particularly north and east of Ringstead but it had largely died out by this time, being replaced by the outwork military boot and shoe trade.

Lydia died aged 60 and was buried in Denford churchyard on 22nd November 1853 and Thomas, aged 61, was also buried in Denford churchyard on 15th January 1856.

 

2TE4 REBECCA Manning (Abt 1796 – 1860 tbc)

REBECCA Manning Abt 1796 – 1860 tbc   - Robert Phillips 1789 – 1861 tbc

  Peter      Rebekah      Benjamin      Manning    Hannah      Thomas         Enoch       Eunice         Letitia

1815         1816             1819           1822         1824            1824           1827        1831           1834

Birth years registered by Ringstead Particular Baptists. See text for exact dates.

 

[Note

Most of the trees and information I have given on the various Mannings is the same as in most trees on the web. I disagree with some of them on one point (especially important to those who want to trace a relationship to the Thatcher/Roberts/Phillips families). I believe that it is this Rebecca, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth who married Robert Phillips (Not Rebecca daughter of James and Mary).

My reasons for thinking that it was this Rebecca who married Robert Phillips are:

The witness to the marriage is Henry Manning, brother of this Rebecca (but he had witnessed other marriages it could be argued).

I believe that the Rose (who is the sister of Sarah who married William Andrews) is the “other” Rebecca and, like Sarah, a daughter of James and Mary. I can find no other Rose as a daughter of James. She never married and had an illegitimate daughter who she named Rebecca (which is perhaps why she became Rose).

Finally and perhaps most conclusively in the registration of Ringstead Baptist Church baptisms which was recorded on April 12th 1822 there are 2 consecutive entries. The first is for Robert son of Peter and Mary Phillips on 25th December 1789 and the second for Rebekah daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Manning on . . . (the date for her birth has not been completed). The next entry is for Peter, the son of Robert Phillips and Rebekah his wife on 25th February 1815. Could this really be a coincidence?]

Rebecca (daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth) was born in about 1796. Unfortunately when her birth was registered in the Ringstead Baptist Register (No. 18) on 22nd April 1822 her date of birth was omitted. Just before her, at No. 17, was Robert son of Peter and Mary Phillips who was born on 25th December 1789.

Rebecca married Robert Phillips on 22nd August 1814 in Ringstead.  The birth of Robert, who was from a Particular Baptist family, was registered in 1822 as being on the 25th December 1789, the son of Peter and Mary.

They had nine children most of whose births were registered by Ringstead Particular Baptist Church. These were: Peter 25th February 1815, Rebekah 3rd August 1816, Benjamin25th May 1819, Manning 13th January 1822, Hannah 7th April 1824, Thomas 7th April 1824 (twins), Enoch February 1827, Eunice 10th September 1831 and Letitia 17th September 1834. For some reason Rebecca was also baptised in Ringstead Parish Church on February 16th 1817. Why was this?

In the 1841 Ringstead Census Robert Phillips is a paper maker and Rebekah (both rounded).  We must not think of paper making as a genteel craft. He would have been working in the local water mill in difficult smelly conditions.  The mill wheel would have driven a Hollander which battered the old cotton and linen cloth so that the pulped threads could be used to make the paper. With the couple are children Manning 15, Thomas 15, Eunice 8 and Letitia 5.  By 1851 only Leticia [sic] aged 16 is still at home with Robert (66) and Rebecca (55). Robert is trying to get by as a road scavenger and Rebecca is a lacemaker. Letitia was a hair lace maker which had a short lived vogue in the Victorian period. It was Letitia who married John Roberts in 1853 and whose son, Benjamin Roberts, was the grandfather of Margaret Roberts (Thatcher).

Rebecca Phillips died in October - December 1860 and Robert followed soon after in January – March 1861, both in the Thrapston District. They do not appear in the Parish Register but I believe some Nonconformist burial were not recorded there (even if buried in the churchyard). It is also possible that they were interred in the small Baptist Burial Ground.

 

Children of REBECCA Manning (1HR5) and Thomas Stains

Rebecca Manning (1HR5)? - ?       -         Thomas Stains? - ?

Children?

I have not yet researched this next generation

 

Children of MARY Manning (1HR6) and Thomas Plant

Mary Manning (1HR6)   ? - ?    -       Thomas Plant? - ?

Children?

I have not yet researched this next generation